San Diego de Alcalá - Brief History

Brief History of San Diego de Alcalá

It was a pitiful group of missionaries and soldiers who gathered on the shore of San Diego Bay on July 1, 1769. Of the 219 Spaniards who had left Lower California two months before, only half were still alive. Of …

Full Article

San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo - Brief History

Brief History of Carmel Mission

The Carmel Mission… When it was agreed that the second mission should be established on Vizcaino’s Monterey Bay, Governor Portolá went by land, but Father Serra went by sea. After both parties met at the evergreen-scented harbor, Portolá realized he …

Full Article

San Antonio de Padua - Brief History

Brief History of San Antonio de Padua

Due to the location of the rugged Santa Lucia Mountains, which tumble down to the sea in central California, the overland route between San Diego and the second mission at Carmel turned inland the latter half of the journey. Thus …

Full Article

San Gabriel Arcángel - Brief History

Brief History of San Gabriel Arcángel

The fourth of the California missions, San Gabriel Arcángel, had three sites. The place proposed originally was well inland from the ocean on the river now called Santa Ana. After arriving there, the founders decided to look for a better …

Full Article

San Luis Obispo de Tolosa – Brief History

Brief History of San Luis Obispo

San Luis Obispo was founded on September 1, 1772. As Governor Portolá and his men trudged northward in 1769 in their search for Monterey Bay, they were surprised at the great number of bears seen at the mouth of a …

Full Article

San Francisco de Asís – Brief History

Brief History of San Francisco de Asís

The mission called Dolores was founded October 8, 1776. The padres chose a site for Mission San Francisco de Asís beside a little inlet called Laguna Dolores. The nearby pueblo was named Yerba Buena. As time went by the town …

Full Article

San Juan Capistrano – Brief History

Brief History of San Juan Capistrano

The swallows of Capistrano, famous both in song and story, really do build their mud nests in the ruins of the old mission church, returning each year on or about March 19th, St. Joseph’s Day. A church of magnificent proportions, …

Full Article